Understanding the Art of Sculpture, History, Techniques, Types, and Examples of Art Complete Sculpture – Art statue is the result of the expression of the human soul which is made in the form of a three-dimensional, which aims to show the aesthetic value/beauty. the art of sculpture has a variety of sizes ranging from small to large. Statue of small size is usually used as the house decoration. While the image of large size is usually on display in a big way and is known by the monument
History of the Art of Sculpture
the Development of sculpture in Indonesia is closely linked with the development of the art of carving. Reportedly, Indonesia has known the art of carving in the year 1500 BC. At that time, the ancestors carve the stone ax with the use of materials and equipment very simple. Motifs are made only in the form of lines, dots or arches. the art of carving experience growth in the years 500-300 BC. People began to use material bronze, gold, and silver to carved. They even knew the technique of the cast so that the carving is many and varied. the art of carving directly experiencing rapid development. Many make the carvings on the temples and inscriptions as a form of homage to the King. Not only that, but the engraving is also done on the kris, spear, tombstone and art tools. At the time this is, then, the people know art sculpture or art sculpture.
Engineering the Art of Sculpture
As for the techniques that are often used in the making of the art of sculpture among which:
the Technique butsir
Techniques butsir is the technique of making sculptures by adding or reducing soft materials such as clay, cast night, and so forth.
the Technique of Chisel
The technique of the chisel is done by utilizing hard materials such as wood, stone, bones and so forth.
The technique of assembling do with the way of stringing and connecting material into a single unit right to play the puzzle.
a Printing Technique (Technique Cast)
Technique cast is done by heating the metal to melt, then the liquid metal is poured in the form of the mold of the statue.
the Technique of Forming
That is a technique performed by forming the statue slowly or in stages to correspond with the desired results.
That is the technique of making sculptures by making a model first.
Type-Type of the Art of Sculpture
As for the types of statues, among them are:
the Sculpture Based on the Shape
Based on its shape, the art of sculpture is distinguished into two types:
Figurative is a type of sculpture made with a imitate shape of the object that exists in real life. Examples such as the human form, animal form, or the form of plants that are made to resemble the original form.
Non-figurative is a type of sculpture whose shape is not similar to its original form. Sculptures such as this only displays the indentation, a line, or a specific part of an object.
Statue By Type
Based on the type, the art of sculpture are grouped into two types, namely:
Statues that stand on its own (right and the left off) and not sticking on one side.
Usually, this type of sculpture is attached to the surface of the wall. Usually, this relief telling important scenes contained in a story.