do you know what’s 3D Modeling? How is its history? What are its types? And why is 3D Modeling so plays important role in some fields, especially in animation or film?
What is 3D Modelling?
3D Modelling is the process to create 3D objects that want to be poured in the form of visual reality, both in shape, texture, and size of the object. Understanding the other is a technique in computer graphics for producing a digital representation of an object in three dimensions (either inanimate or living).
Actually, the basic concept of 3D Modeling is modeling. Modeling itself is a form of an object-object or object. Create and design the object so it looks like life.
a Brief History of 3D Modeling
Initially, the 3D Modeling was created in 1960 with the first use for scientific purposes and techniques. At that time, only professionals working with mathematical models and data analysis course which can make 3D Modeling.
However, a pioneer of 3D graphics named Ivan Sutherland (creator of Sketchpad) along with his colleague David Evans, opened the department of computer technology first at the University of Utah and attracts a lot of professional talents from various countries to help contribute in the development of this industry, and one of his students was Edwin Catmull as President of Pixar Animation and Walt Disney Animation Studios.
Then, Sutherland and Evans opened the company’s first 3D graphics in 1969, and gave the name of “Evans & Sutherland”. Initially, the modeling and 3D animation mostly used in television and advertising. However, as time passes, its presence in other fields is increasingly necessary.
Type of 3D Modeling
There are several types in 3D Modelling, i.e.
1. Polygonal Modeling
Modeling that consists of vertices(vertex/point) which if connected will form an edge(line). So if you connect with an edge the others can form a face (field). The field formed by the vertex, edges, and face of this one is the primitive object that is also included in the modeling techniques.
2. Curve Modeling
Modeling that utilizes the curve to form a field. There is no vertex in the curve, however, it can create a field with the mathematical calculations, the same as implicit surfaces / NURBS.
3. Digital Sculpting
the Modeling that formed from the results of the sculptured has a level high smoothness so that it can be used to create the detail on the model. Detail high consists of vertex, edge, and face in large quantities. So it can be categorized in polygonal modeling, the difference is the process of making the model is sculpted using digital tools. However, the technique of sculpting can also be done with traditional methods.
The usefulness of 3D Modeling
3D Modelling used in a variety of media such as video games, film, architecture, illustration, mechanical design, commercial advertising or other. The process of 3D Modelling to produce digital objects that can be moved freely, making it one of the processes needed in the character animations and special effects. One example in the automotive industry. Companies such as General Motors uses 3D printing to print prototype parts vehicle the Chevrolet Malibu in 2014.
Well, that’s some things about 3D Modelling that may not have been from you guys that know. Actually, there are many more things about the 3D Modelling that we will discuss in the next article.